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實用英文短語成語
文章日期 2016-07-18
● by way of(via;by going through)
經由……
1.He went to Japan by way of Hong Kong from Australia.
他從澳大利亞出發經由香港到日本去。
2.The news program came to us via satellite.
新聞節目是通過衛星傳送到我們這裡來的。

比較
1.He went straight to Japan without stopping anywhere.
他直接前往日本,未在任何地方停留。


● side by side(close together)
並肩地
They walked side by side.
他們並肩而行。
on all sides(in every direction;from all sides)
從四面八方;從各方面
I’m learning a lot on all sides.
我從各方面學到好多東西。

比較
1.He was lying on his side.
他側臥著。
2.When the children quarrel, the sisters always side with each other.
當小孩子們爭吵時,姐妹們總是互相袒護。
3.He told a lie to shield his brother.
他說了一個謊以庇護他的兄弟。


● instead of(in place of)
代替
1.Instead of wasting time, she employed herself in reading.
她不浪費光陰,勤於閱讀。
2.We use chopsticks in place of knives and forks.
我們用筷子代替刀叉。
**參考476

比較
1.When the electric lights went out, we used candles as a makeshift.
電燈熄滅時,我們用蠟燭代替電燈。
2.They used an empty box as a makeshift for a table.
他們用一個空箱子作為一張桌子的代替物(以箱代桌)。


● anything but(definitely not)
決不;根本不
1.The pen was anything but cheap.
這筆根本不便宜。
2.He can give you anything but this antique.
除這古董外,他什麼都可以給你。

比較
1.He is looking for something for nothing.
他想不勞而獲。
2.The medical researcher has something to say and says it well.
這醫學研究員言之有物且言之有理。


● because of(due to;owing to)
由於……;起因於
1.He is absent because of illness.
他因病缺席。
2.Her success was largely due to hard work.
她的成功主要是由於努力工作。
3.Owing to careless driving, he had an accident.
由於駕駛疏忽,他出了事。
**參考178;217

比較
1.Good deeds deserve due reward; bad deeds deserve due punishment.
善有善報;惡有惡報。
2.Your report is due tomorrow.
你的報告應於明天交。
3.Respect is due to older people.
年長者應受尊敬。
4.Courtesy is his due while he is your guest.
他是你的座上賓,該受到禮貌款待。
5.The accident was the result of a moment’s inattention.
這次事故是一時不小心造成的。
6.Accidents arise from carelessness.
意外起源於疏忽。
7.He’s had two accidents in the past fortnight.
在過去兩周他出了兩次事故。
8.The tragedy was wholly avoidable.
那場悲劇是可以完全避免的。
9.Many accidents are caused by drivers who are under the weather.
很多車禍都是因駕駛人醉酒而引起的。
 
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